Effect of Crystalline and Double Helical Structures on the Resistant Fraction of Autoclaved Corn Starch with Different Amylose Content

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Abstract

© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of the crystalline and the double helical structures on the resistant starch (RS) fraction of autoclaved corn starch with different amylose content. Normal (NS) and high amylose (HS) corn starches are modified by autoclaving at 105, 120, and 135 °C. Autoclaving causes structure disorganization in NS or structural rearrangements in HS. The RS increases from 2.1% to 5.5% in NS autoclaved at 135 °C and from 12.7% to 30.2% in HS autoclaved at 120 °C. The RS is correlated to Te in NS (r = 0.73) and HS (r = 0.79), indicating that the double helical crystallites with high thermal stability (Te = 176.8–193.6 °C) are responsible for the increase of RS. In autoclaved HS, the RS is correlated to the degree of order (DO) (r = 0.82) suggesting that the strengthened associations between double helices contribute to the RS formation. The results lead to the possibility of controlling the resistance by modifying the starch structure using autoclaving process. This research highlights that the organization of the double helical structure is more important than the crystalline order to form resistant corn starch.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalStarch/Staerke
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

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