Dynamics of the concentration of IAA and some of its conjugates during the induction of somatic embryogenesis in Coffea canephora

Benjamín Ayil-Gutiérrez, Rosa María Galaz-Ávalos, Eduardo Peña-Cabrera, Víctor Manuel Loyola-Vargas

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Most of the somatic embryogenesis (SE) process requires the presence, either before or during the embryogenic process, of at least one exogenous auxin. This exogenous auxin induces the presence of endogenous auxins, which appears to be essential for SE induction. We found that during the preincubation period of SE in Coffea canephora, there is an important increase in both free and conjugated indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), as well as indole-3-butyric acid. This increase is accompanied by an increase in the expression of YUCCA (CcYUC), TRYPTOPHAN AMINOTRANSFERASE OF ARABIDOPSIS 1 (CcTAA1), and GRETCHEN HAGEN 3 (GH3) genes. On the other hand, most of the IAA compounds decreased during the induction of SE. The results presented in this research suggest that a balance between free IAA and its amide conjugates is necessary to allow the expression of SE-related genes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere26998
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - 3 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes



  • Auxins
  • GH3
  • Growth regulators
  • Indole-3-acetic acid
  • Somatic embryogenesis

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