Double helical order and functional properties of acid-hydrolyzed maize starches with different amylose content

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Abstract

Two maize starches (Normal and Hylon VII) were hydrolyzed using HCL for 15 days at room temperature. The water holding capacity -WHC and oil holding capacity- OHC were evaluated to describe the changes during the reorganization of hydrolyzed material. The structure was assessed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR). A hydrolysis degree of 20% was reached with a complete granular structure disruption. During acid hydrolysis, the rearrangement of decoupled double helices favored the order degree. The hydrolysis of the amorphous region decreased the enthalpy of gelatinization. This effect was more noticeable in the normal starch. The changes promoted during the hydrolysis favored the reorganization of the network resulting in high values in WHC and OHC for both starches. The acid-treated starches obtained could be used as fillers, employing these materials with induced crystalline regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107956
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume490
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Double helices
  • FTIR
  • Oil holding capacity

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