Distribution and biodiversity of rhizobia nodulating Chamaecrista mimosoides in the Shandong peninsula of china

Yan Li, Guohua Liu, Kunming Han, Liqin Sun, Kangning Gao, Wei Liu, En Tao Wang, Wenhao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chamaecrista mimosoides is an annual herb legume widely distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa. It may have primitive and independently-evolved root nodule types but its rhizobia have not been systematically studied. Therefore, in order to learn the diversity and species affinity of its rhizobia, root nodules were sampled from C. mimosoides plants growing in seven geographical sites along the coast line of Shandong Peninsula, China. A total of 422 rhizobial isolates were obtained from nodules, and they were classified into 28 recA haplotypes. By using multilocus sequence analysis of the concatenated housekeeping genes dnaK, glnII, gyrB, recA and rpoB, the representative strains for these haplotypes were designated as eight defined and five candidate novel genospecies in the genus Bradyrhizobium. Bradyrhizobium elkanii and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni were predominant and universally distributed. The symbiotic genes nodC and nifH of the representative strains showed very similar topology in their phylogenetic trees indicating their co-evolution history. All the representative strains formed effective root nodules in nodulation tests. The correlation between genospecies and soil characteristics analyzed by CANOCO software indicated that available potassium (AK), organic carbon (OC) and available nitrogen (AN) in the soil samples were the main factors affecting the distribution of the symbionts involved in this current study. The study is the first systematic survey of Chamaecrista mimosoides-nodulating rhizobia, and it showed that Chamaecrista spp. were nodulated by bradyrhizobia in natural environments. In addition, the host spectrum of the corresponding rhizobial species was extended, and the study provided novel information on the biodiversity and biogeography of rhizobia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126280
JournalSystematic and Applied Microbiology
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chamaecrista mimosoides
  • Coastal zone
  • Distribution
  • Diversity
  • Nodule
  • Rhizobia

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