Differential inhibition of globus pallidus neurons by electrical or chemical stimulation of the striatum

Aldo Oviedo, Alfonso Delgado, Enrique Querejeta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reciprocal connections between the globus pallidus (GP) and other basal ganglia (BG) nuclei indicate that the GP plays a significant role in controlling the neuronal activity of the entire BG; in turn, the activity of GP neurons is controlled by several major inputs that involve the striatum. Here, we determined the relative contributions of the selective (chemical) or massive (electrical) activation of the striatal GABAergic transmission to the GP spiking activity. In vivo extracelullar single-unit recordings were performed in the GP of ketamine-anesthetized rats. Both chemical and electrical stimulation of the striatum caused a significant GP spike rate reduction; however, chemical stimulation of the striatum produced a complete firing arrest on most GP neurons, something not seen with electrical stimulation. In addition, chemical stimulation of the striatum with NMDA evoked a significant long-lasting post-inhibitory spike rate increase, an effect that was not seen under glutamate infusion or electrical stimulation. Furthermore, the selective intrapallidal blockade of AMPA/kainate glutamate receptors facilitates the inhibitory effect of intrastriatal electrical stimulation. Our results suggest a differential effect of electrical or chemical stimulation of the striatum on the spiking activity of GP neurons, which involves the activation of intrapallidal AMPA/kainate receptors and striatal en passant fibers. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd and the Japan Neuroscience Society.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)240-245
Number of pages215
JournalNeuroscience Research
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2008

Fingerprint

Chemical Stimulation
Globus Pallidus
neurons
stimulation
Electric Stimulation
Neurons
Basal Ganglia
spiking
glutamates
Kainic Acid Receptors
Corpus Striatum
spikes
activation
neurology
Ireland
alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid
AMPA Receptors
Glutamate Receptors
Ketamine
N-Methylaspartate

Cite this

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abstract = "The reciprocal connections between the globus pallidus (GP) and other basal ganglia (BG) nuclei indicate that the GP plays a significant role in controlling the neuronal activity of the entire BG; in turn, the activity of GP neurons is controlled by several major inputs that involve the striatum. Here, we determined the relative contributions of the selective (chemical) or massive (electrical) activation of the striatal GABAergic transmission to the GP spiking activity. In vivo extracelullar single-unit recordings were performed in the GP of ketamine-anesthetized rats. Both chemical and electrical stimulation of the striatum caused a significant GP spike rate reduction; however, chemical stimulation of the striatum produced a complete firing arrest on most GP neurons, something not seen with electrical stimulation. In addition, chemical stimulation of the striatum with NMDA evoked a significant long-lasting post-inhibitory spike rate increase, an effect that was not seen under glutamate infusion or electrical stimulation. Furthermore, the selective intrapallidal blockade of AMPA/kainate glutamate receptors facilitates the inhibitory effect of intrastriatal electrical stimulation. Our results suggest a differential effect of electrical or chemical stimulation of the striatum on the spiking activity of GP neurons, which involves the activation of intrapallidal AMPA/kainate receptors and striatal en passant fibers. {\circledC} 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd and the Japan Neuroscience Society.",
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Differential inhibition of globus pallidus neurons by electrical or chemical stimulation of the striatum. / Oviedo, Aldo; Delgado, Alfonso; Querejeta, Enrique.

In: Neuroscience Research, 01.12.2008, p. 240-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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