Core and accessory genome analysis of vibrio mimicus

Iliana Guardiola-Avila, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Evelia Acedo-Félix, Bruno Gomez-Gil, Manuel Zúñiga-Cabrera, Fernando González-Candelas, Lorena Noriega-Orozco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vibrio mimicus is an emerging pathogen, mainly associated with contaminated seafood consumption. However, little is known about its evolution, biodiversity, and pathogenic potential. This study analyzes the pan-, core, and accessory genomes of nine V. mimicus strains. The core genome yielded 2424 genes in chromosome I (ChI) and 822 genes in chromosome II (ChII), with an accessory genome comprising an average of 10.9% of the whole genome for ChI and 29% for ChII. Core genome phylogenetic trees were obtained, and V. mimicus ATCC-33654 strain was the closest to the outgroup in both chromosomes. Additionally, a phylogenetic study of eight conserved genes (ftsZ, gapA, gyrB, topA, rpoA, recA, mreB, and pyrH), including Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parilis, Vibrio metoecus, and Vibrio caribbenthicus, clearly showed clade differentiation. The main virulence genes found in ChI corresponded with type I secretion proteins, extracellular components, flagellar proteins, and potential regulators, while, in ChII, the main categories were type-I secretion proteins, chemotaxis proteins, and antibiotic resistance proteins. The accessory genome was characterized by the presence of mobile elements and toxin encoding genes in both chromosomes. Based on the genome atlas, it was possible to characterize differential regions between strains. The pan-genome of V. mimicus encompassed 3539 genes for ChI and 2355 genes for ChII. These results give us an insight into the virulence and gene content of V. mimicus, as well as constitute the first approach to its diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Accessory genome
  • Core genome
  • Pan-genome
  • V. cholerae
  • V. mimicus
  • Virulence genes

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