Conformational changes associated with L16P and T118M mutations in the membrane-embedded PMP22 protein, consequential in CMT-1A

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Abstract

© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) resides in the plasma membrane and is required for myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Excess PMP22 mutants accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resulting in the inherited neuropathies of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease. However, there was no evidence of the structure of PMP22 or how mutations affect its folding. Therefore, in this study, we combined bioinformatics and homology modeling approaches to obtain three-dimensional native and mutated PMP22 models and its anchoring to a POPC membrane, submitted to.5-μs MD simulations, to determine how the L16P and T118M mutations affect the conformational behavior of PMP22. In addition, we investigated the ability of the native and mutated species to accumulate in the ER, via interaction with RER1, by combining protein–protein docking and MD simulations, taking the conformations that were most representative of the native and mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 conformations. Principal component analysis over MD simulations revealed that L16P and T118M mutations resulted in increased structural instability compared to the native form, which is consistent with previous experimental findings of increased structural fluctuations along a loop connecting transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2. Docking and MD simulations coupled with the MMGBSA approach allowed the identification that the binding interface for the PMP22-RER1 complex takes place through transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2, with higher effective binding free energy values between the mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 than for the native PMP22, mainly through van der Waals interactions.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2880-2894
Number of pages2590
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Oct 2017

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Myelin Proteins
Mutation
Membranes
Proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Peripheral Nervous System
Myelin Sheath
Principal Component Analysis
Computational Biology
Cell Membrane

Cite this

@article{a0359170b707425bb1741253e37d9c02,
title = "Conformational changes associated with L16P and T118M mutations in the membrane-embedded PMP22 protein, consequential in CMT-1A",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) resides in the plasma membrane and is required for myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Excess PMP22 mutants accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resulting in the inherited neuropathies of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease. However, there was no evidence of the structure of PMP22 or how mutations affect its folding. Therefore, in this study, we combined bioinformatics and homology modeling approaches to obtain three-dimensional native and mutated PMP22 models and its anchoring to a POPC membrane, submitted to.5-μs MD simulations, to determine how the L16P and T118M mutations affect the conformational behavior of PMP22. In addition, we investigated the ability of the native and mutated species to accumulate in the ER, via interaction with RER1, by combining protein–protein docking and MD simulations, taking the conformations that were most representative of the native and mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 conformations. Principal component analysis over MD simulations revealed that L16P and T118M mutations resulted in increased structural instability compared to the native form, which is consistent with previous experimental findings of increased structural fluctuations along a loop connecting transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2. Docking and MD simulations coupled with the MMGBSA approach allowed the identification that the binding interface for the PMP22-RER1 complex takes place through transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2, with higher effective binding free energy values between the mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 than for the native PMP22, mainly through van der Waals interactions.",
author = "Martiniano Bello and Torres, {Mixtli J.} and Alfonso M{\'e}ndez-Tenorio and Jos{\'e} Correa-Basurto",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/07391102.2016.1234415",
language = "American English",
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journal = "Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics",
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T1 - Conformational changes associated with L16P and T118M mutations in the membrane-embedded PMP22 protein, consequential in CMT-1A

AU - Bello, Martiniano

AU - Torres, Mixtli J.

AU - Méndez-Tenorio, Alfonso

AU - Correa-Basurto, José

PY - 2017/10/3

Y1 - 2017/10/3

N2 - © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) resides in the plasma membrane and is required for myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Excess PMP22 mutants accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resulting in the inherited neuropathies of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease. However, there was no evidence of the structure of PMP22 or how mutations affect its folding. Therefore, in this study, we combined bioinformatics and homology modeling approaches to obtain three-dimensional native and mutated PMP22 models and its anchoring to a POPC membrane, submitted to.5-μs MD simulations, to determine how the L16P and T118M mutations affect the conformational behavior of PMP22. In addition, we investigated the ability of the native and mutated species to accumulate in the ER, via interaction with RER1, by combining protein–protein docking and MD simulations, taking the conformations that were most representative of the native and mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 conformations. Principal component analysis over MD simulations revealed that L16P and T118M mutations resulted in increased structural instability compared to the native form, which is consistent with previous experimental findings of increased structural fluctuations along a loop connecting transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2. Docking and MD simulations coupled with the MMGBSA approach allowed the identification that the binding interface for the PMP22-RER1 complex takes place through transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2, with higher effective binding free energy values between the mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 than for the native PMP22, mainly through van der Waals interactions.

AB - © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) resides in the plasma membrane and is required for myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Excess PMP22 mutants accumulate in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resulting in the inherited neuropathies of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease. However, there was no evidence of the structure of PMP22 or how mutations affect its folding. Therefore, in this study, we combined bioinformatics and homology modeling approaches to obtain three-dimensional native and mutated PMP22 models and its anchoring to a POPC membrane, submitted to.5-μs MD simulations, to determine how the L16P and T118M mutations affect the conformational behavior of PMP22. In addition, we investigated the ability of the native and mutated species to accumulate in the ER, via interaction with RER1, by combining protein–protein docking and MD simulations, taking the conformations that were most representative of the native and mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 conformations. Principal component analysis over MD simulations revealed that L16P and T118M mutations resulted in increased structural instability compared to the native form, which is consistent with previous experimental findings of increased structural fluctuations along a loop connecting transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2. Docking and MD simulations coupled with the MMGBSA approach allowed the identification that the binding interface for the PMP22-RER1 complex takes place through transmembrane α-helix1 and α-helix2, with higher effective binding free energy values between the mutated PMP22 systems and RER1 than for the native PMP22, mainly through van der Waals interactions.

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