© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. A comparative proteomic approach was performed to analyze the differential accumulation of leaf proteins in response to the symbiosis between Solanum lycopersicum and the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Rhizophagus irregularis. Protein profiling was examined in leaves from tomato plants colonized with AMF (M), as well as non-colonized plants fertilized with low phosphate (20 μM P; NM-LP) and non-colonized plants fertilized with regular phosphate Hoagland’s solution (200 μM P; NM-RP). Comparisons were made between these groups, and 2D-SDS-PAGE revealed that 27 spots were differentially accumulated in M vs. NM-LP. Twenty-three out of the 27 spots were successfully identified by mass spectrometry. Two of these proteins, 2-methylene-furan-3-one reductase and auxin-binding protein ABP19a, were up-accumulated in M plants. The down-accumulated proteins in M plants were associated mainly with photosynthesis, redox, and other molecular functions. Superoxide dismutase, harpin binding protein, and thioredoxin peroxidase were down-accumulated in leaves of M tomato plants when compared to NM-LP and NM-RP, indicating that these proteins are responsive to AMF colonization independently of the phosphate regime under which they were grown. 14-3-3 protein was up-accumulated in NM-RP vs. NM-LP plants, whereas it was down-accumulated in M vs. NM-LP and M vs. NM-RP, regardless of their phosphate nutrition. This suggests a possible regulation by P nutrition and AMF colonization. Our results demonstrate AMF-induced systemic changes in the expression of tomato leaf proteins, including the down-accumulation of proteins related to photosynthesis and redox function.
Peinado-Guevara, L. I., López-Meyer, M., López-Valenzuela, J. A., Maldonado-Mendoza, I. E., Galindo-Flores, H., Campista-León, S., & Medina-Godoy, S. (2017). Comparative proteomic analysis of leaf tissue from tomato plants colonized with Rhizophagus irregularis. Symbiosis, 93-106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13199-016-0470-3