Combined antihypertensive therapies that increase expression of cardioprotective biomarkers associated with the renin-angiotensin and kallikrein-kinin system

Diego Lezama-Martinez, Jazmin Flores-Monroy, Salvador Fonseca-Coronado, Maria Elena Hernandez-Campos, Ignacio Valencia-Hernandez, Luisa Martinez-Aguilar

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    5 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Antihypertensive pharmacological treatments focus on the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, AT1 receptor antagonists, and beta-blockers as single and combined treatments. The effect of single treatments on the mRNA expression of some components of the renin-angiotensin system has been studied, but not the effect of combined treatments. This study determined the expression of the AT1, AT2, B1, and B2 receptors and of the enzymes ACE and ACE2 in hypertensive rats treated with captopril-propranolol or losartan-propranolol. Methods: The mRNA expression of the receptors and enzymes was determined by reverse transcriptionquantitative polymerase chain reaction in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats under different treatments. Results: Rats under combined treatments showed a decrease in the expression of AT1 and ACE, and an increase in the expression of the B1 receptor (captopril + propranolol group: 0.43 ± 0.046, 2.243 ± 0.269, 3.356 ± 0.418; Group: losartan + propranolol: 0.727 ± 0.071, 0.852 ± 0.102, 1.277 ± 0.131 compared to the spontaneously hypertensive group: 1 ± 0.212, 1 ± 0.192, 1 ± 0.214). This decrease in the expression of ACE and AT1 suggests a reduction in the expression of Ang II that could be related to a lower response to this vasoconstrictor. An increase in the expression of B1 would improve vasodilation, which would be a beneficial effect of combined therapies for hypertension.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291-295
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
    Volume72
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

    Keywords

    • ACE-ACE2
    • AT1-AT2
    • B1-B2
    • Hypertension
    • MRNA

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