The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami left significant sand deposits along the coastal tract of southeast India (Tamil Nadu state). These deposits serve as a benchmark to understand the effects of present day tsunami on the coastline. Additionally, the geological signatures of tsunami in the coastal stratigraphy can assist in providing modern analogs for identification and interpretation of ancient tsunami. This article presents the field observations of tsunami deposits, their internal stratigraphy and foraminiferal distribution, all of which varied from north to south depending upon coastal geomorphology, near shore bathymetry and sediment sources. In a few places, the tsunami deposits have been reworked due to subsequent events that caused modification in the internal stratigraphy. The tsunami deposits of the northern Tamil Nadu coast comprise at least 50% or more reworked foraminiferal specimens, indicating that the tsunami sediments may have been derived from a paleostrandline from a water depth of at least 45 m.
Srinivasalu, S., Rajeshwara Rao, N., Thangadurai, N., Jonathan, M. P., Roy, P. D., Ram Mohan, V., & Saravanan, P. (2009). Characteristics of 2004 tsunami deposits of the northern Tamil Nadu coast, southeastern India. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, 111-118. https://doi.org/10.18268/BSGM2009v61n1a10