Different types of contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals coexist in different chemical forms in soil. Although bioremediation of organics has been widely studied, little attention has been paid to changes in metal behaviour during the bioremediation process. In this study, the diffusion gradient in thin-film (DGT) technique was used to assess changes in potentially bioavailable Cd and Cr fluxes in soil during the bioremediation of phenanthrene. Fluxes of Cd were low (<0.2 pg cm -2 s-1) and increased to 0.4-0.9 pg cm-2 s -1, while Cr(III) fluxes showed an approximately tenfold increase. Results showed that there was increased mobilization of metals associated with the fungal reduction of phenanthrene concentrations by Penicillium frequentans.
Amezcua-Allieri, M. A., Lead, J. R., & Rodríguez-Vázquez, R. (2005). Changes in Cd and Cr fluxes during the bioremediation of phenanthrene. Soil Use and Management, 337-339. https://doi.org/10.1079/SUM2005331