Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study

E. Meaney, A. Lara-Esqueda, G. M. Ceballos-Reyes, J. Asbun, A. Vela, Y. Martínez-Marroquín, V. López, A. Meaney, E. de la Cabada-Tamez, Ó Velázquez-Monroy, R. Tapia-Conyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Atherosclerotic ischaemic heart disease is the second leading cause of general mortality in Mexico due to the growing prevalence of atherosclerotic risk factors in our society. The data of the FRIMEX study (Factores de Riesgo en México, Risk Factors in Mexico), considered together with those of other contemporary epidemiological surveys, will aid in our comprehension of the current state of cardiovascular epidemics in Mexico. Methods: Frequencies of obesity, hypertension and smoking, and total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood were estimated in a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 140 017 individuals (aged 44±13 years; 42% men and 58% women), from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). Results: Obesity or overweight status was found in 71.9% of participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5%, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age; while it was higher in men under 60 years of age, in the more aged individuals it was higher in women. Hypercholesterolaemia was found in 40% of the individuals and cholesterolaemia ≥240 mg/dl was significantly higher in women. Thirty-five and a half percent of men and 18.1% of women were smokers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was found in 10.4% of participants. There was significant Pearson's correlation between body mass index and blood pressure, between hypertension and glucose levels, and between hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusions: We conclude that this population has a high cardiovascular risk profile and a high probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome. © 2006 The Royal Institute of Public Health.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)378-384
Number of pages339
JournalPublic Health
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2007

Fingerprint

hypertension
Urban Population
Mexico
Cholesterol
Hypertension
Glucose
obesity
cholesterol
glucose
Blood pressure
Public health
Medical problems
Obesity
diabetes mellitus
heart diseases
Blood
public health
blood pressure
mortality
Hypercholesterolemia

Cite this

Meaney, E. ; Lara-Esqueda, A. ; Ceballos-Reyes, G. M. ; Asbun, J. ; Vela, A. ; Martínez-Marroquín, Y. ; López, V. ; Meaney, A. ; de la Cabada-Tamez, E. ; Velázquez-Monroy, Ó ; Tapia-Conyer, R. / Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study. In: Public Health. 2007 ; pp. 378-384.
@article{3990d743bd1c4d3c8552c39fa4f3fad1,
title = "Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study",
abstract = "Background: Atherosclerotic ischaemic heart disease is the second leading cause of general mortality in Mexico due to the growing prevalence of atherosclerotic risk factors in our society. The data of the FRIMEX study (Factores de Riesgo en M{\'e}xico, Risk Factors in Mexico), considered together with those of other contemporary epidemiological surveys, will aid in our comprehension of the current state of cardiovascular epidemics in Mexico. Methods: Frequencies of obesity, hypertension and smoking, and total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood were estimated in a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 140 017 individuals (aged 44±13 years; 42{\%} men and 58{\%} women), from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). Results: Obesity or overweight status was found in 71.9{\%} of participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5{\%}, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36{\%}, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age; while it was higher in men under 60 years of age, in the more aged individuals it was higher in women. Hypercholesterolaemia was found in 40{\%} of the individuals and cholesterolaemia ≥240 mg/dl was significantly higher in women. Thirty-five and a half percent of men and 18.1{\%} of women were smokers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was found in 10.4{\%} of participants. There was significant Pearson's correlation between body mass index and blood pressure, between hypertension and glucose levels, and between hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusions: We conclude that this population has a high cardiovascular risk profile and a high probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome. {\circledC} 2006 The Royal Institute of Public Health.",
author = "E. Meaney and A. Lara-Esqueda and Ceballos-Reyes, {G. M.} and J. Asbun and A. Vela and Y. Mart{\'i}nez-Marroqu{\'i}n and V. L{\'o}pez and A. Meaney and {de la Cabada-Tamez}, E. and {\'O} Vel{\'a}zquez-Monroy and R. Tapia-Conyer",
year = "2007",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.puhe.2006.11.008",
language = "American English",
pages = "378--384",
journal = "Public Health",
issn = "0033-3506",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Meaney, E, Lara-Esqueda, A, Ceballos-Reyes, GM, Asbun, J, Vela, A, Martínez-Marroquín, Y, López, V, Meaney, A, de la Cabada-Tamez, E, Velázquez-Monroy, Ó & Tapia-Conyer, R 2007, 'Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study', Public Health, pp. 378-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2006.11.008

Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study. / Meaney, E.; Lara-Esqueda, A.; Ceballos-Reyes, G. M.; Asbun, J.; Vela, A.; Martínez-Marroquín, Y.; López, V.; Meaney, A.; de la Cabada-Tamez, E.; Velázquez-Monroy, Ó; Tapia-Conyer, R.

In: Public Health, 01.05.2007, p. 378-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban Mexican population: The FRIMEX study

AU - Meaney, E.

AU - Lara-Esqueda, A.

AU - Ceballos-Reyes, G. M.

AU - Asbun, J.

AU - Vela, A.

AU - Martínez-Marroquín, Y.

AU - López, V.

AU - Meaney, A.

AU - de la Cabada-Tamez, E.

AU - Velázquez-Monroy, Ó

AU - Tapia-Conyer, R.

PY - 2007/5/1

Y1 - 2007/5/1

N2 - Background: Atherosclerotic ischaemic heart disease is the second leading cause of general mortality in Mexico due to the growing prevalence of atherosclerotic risk factors in our society. The data of the FRIMEX study (Factores de Riesgo en México, Risk Factors in Mexico), considered together with those of other contemporary epidemiological surveys, will aid in our comprehension of the current state of cardiovascular epidemics in Mexico. Methods: Frequencies of obesity, hypertension and smoking, and total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood were estimated in a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 140 017 individuals (aged 44±13 years; 42% men and 58% women), from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). Results: Obesity or overweight status was found in 71.9% of participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5%, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age; while it was higher in men under 60 years of age, in the more aged individuals it was higher in women. Hypercholesterolaemia was found in 40% of the individuals and cholesterolaemia ≥240 mg/dl was significantly higher in women. Thirty-five and a half percent of men and 18.1% of women were smokers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was found in 10.4% of participants. There was significant Pearson's correlation between body mass index and blood pressure, between hypertension and glucose levels, and between hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusions: We conclude that this population has a high cardiovascular risk profile and a high probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome. © 2006 The Royal Institute of Public Health.

AB - Background: Atherosclerotic ischaemic heart disease is the second leading cause of general mortality in Mexico due to the growing prevalence of atherosclerotic risk factors in our society. The data of the FRIMEX study (Factores de Riesgo en México, Risk Factors in Mexico), considered together with those of other contemporary epidemiological surveys, will aid in our comprehension of the current state of cardiovascular epidemics in Mexico. Methods: Frequencies of obesity, hypertension and smoking, and total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood were estimated in a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 140 017 individuals (aged 44±13 years; 42% men and 58% women), from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). Results: Obesity or overweight status was found in 71.9% of participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5%, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age; while it was higher in men under 60 years of age, in the more aged individuals it was higher in women. Hypercholesterolaemia was found in 40% of the individuals and cholesterolaemia ≥240 mg/dl was significantly higher in women. Thirty-five and a half percent of men and 18.1% of women were smokers. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was found in 10.4% of participants. There was significant Pearson's correlation between body mass index and blood pressure, between hypertension and glucose levels, and between hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusions: We conclude that this population has a high cardiovascular risk profile and a high probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome. © 2006 The Royal Institute of Public Health.

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=33947641542&origin=inward

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=33947641542&origin=inward

U2 - 10.1016/j.puhe.2006.11.008

DO - 10.1016/j.puhe.2006.11.008

M3 - Article

SP - 378

EP - 384

JO - Public Health

JF - Public Health

SN - 0033-3506

ER -