Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban female population of Mexico. FRIMEX IIa study

Agustín Lara Esqueda, Eduardo Meaney, Guillermo M. Ceballos Reyes, Juan Asbun Bojalil, María Esther Ocharán Hernández, Marisol Núñez Sánchez, Alejandra Meaney, Óscar Velázquez Monroy, Juan Verdejo Paris, Patricia Uribe, Roberto Tapia Conyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The fast epidemiological transition that occurred in Mexico for several decades has increased the importance of the chronicdegenerative diseases, particularly, those of cardiovascular origin. Factors as the systemic arterial hypertension, hypercolesterolemia, smoking, disglucemic condition and obesity are determinants of cardiovascular illness. Objective: To know the cardiovascular risk factors, obesity, hypertension arterial, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia of the Mexican women. Participants and methods: 164,656 female patients recruited in a growing epidemiological survey, aged 20-80, were studied. The sample was formed by 140,017 individuals, aged 44 ± 13 years and with a gender distribution of 42% men and 58% women, from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). The frequencies of obesity, hypertension, smoking, total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood, were estimated. Results: Obesity or overweight was found in 71.9% of the participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5% of them, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age, it was higher in men younger than 60 years old, but in more aged individuals was higher in women. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 40% of the persons, and cholesterolemia ≥240 mg/dL was significantly higher in women; 35.5% of men and 18.1% of women smoked. In 10.4% of participants was found diabetes mellitus type 2. There were significant Pearson's correlations between body mass index and blood pressure; hypertension and glucose levels, and hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusion: It is concluded that this population faces a high cardiovascular risk profile, and a great probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)484-492
Number of pages9
JournalMedicina Interna de Mexico
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2006

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Urban Population
Mexico
Hypertension
Obesity
Hypercholesterolemia
Smoking
Cholesterol
Glucose
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Population

Cite this

Esqueda, Agustín Lara ; Meaney, Eduardo ; Ceballos Reyes, Guillermo M. ; Bojalil, Juan Asbun ; Hernández, María Esther Ocharán ; Sánchez, Marisol Núñez ; Meaney, Alejandra ; Monroy, Óscar Velázquez ; Paris, Juan Verdejo ; Uribe, Patricia ; Conyer, Roberto Tapia. / Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban female population of Mexico. FRIMEX IIa study. In: Medicina Interna de Mexico. 2006 ; pp. 484-492.
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abstract = "Background: The fast epidemiological transition that occurred in Mexico for several decades has increased the importance of the chronicdegenerative diseases, particularly, those of cardiovascular origin. Factors as the systemic arterial hypertension, hypercolesterolemia, smoking, disglucemic condition and obesity are determinants of cardiovascular illness. Objective: To know the cardiovascular risk factors, obesity, hypertension arterial, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia of the Mexican women. Participants and methods: 164,656 female patients recruited in a growing epidemiological survey, aged 20-80, were studied. The sample was formed by 140,017 individuals, aged 44 ± 13 years and with a gender distribution of 42{\%} men and 58{\%} women, from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). The frequencies of obesity, hypertension, smoking, total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood, were estimated. Results: Obesity or overweight was found in 71.9{\%} of the participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5{\%} of them, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36{\%}, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age, it was higher in men younger than 60 years old, but in more aged individuals was higher in women. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 40{\%} of the persons, and cholesterolemia ≥240 mg/dL was significantly higher in women; 35.5{\%} of men and 18.1{\%} of women smoked. In 10.4{\%} of participants was found diabetes mellitus type 2. There were significant Pearson's correlations between body mass index and blood pressure; hypertension and glucose levels, and hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusion: It is concluded that this population faces a high cardiovascular risk profile, and a great probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.",
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Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban female population of Mexico. FRIMEX IIa study. / Esqueda, Agustín Lara; Meaney, Eduardo; Ceballos Reyes, Guillermo M.; Bojalil, Juan Asbun; Hernández, María Esther Ocharán; Sánchez, Marisol Núñez; Meaney, Alejandra; Monroy, Óscar Velázquez; Paris, Juan Verdejo; Uribe, Patricia; Conyer, Roberto Tapia.

In: Medicina Interna de Mexico, 01.11.2006, p. 484-492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular risk factors in the urban female population of Mexico. FRIMEX IIa study

AU - Esqueda, Agustín Lara

AU - Meaney, Eduardo

AU - Ceballos Reyes, Guillermo M.

AU - Bojalil, Juan Asbun

AU - Hernández, María Esther Ocharán

AU - Sánchez, Marisol Núñez

AU - Meaney, Alejandra

AU - Monroy, Óscar Velázquez

AU - Paris, Juan Verdejo

AU - Uribe, Patricia

AU - Conyer, Roberto Tapia

PY - 2006/11/1

Y1 - 2006/11/1

N2 - Background: The fast epidemiological transition that occurred in Mexico for several decades has increased the importance of the chronicdegenerative diseases, particularly, those of cardiovascular origin. Factors as the systemic arterial hypertension, hypercolesterolemia, smoking, disglucemic condition and obesity are determinants of cardiovascular illness. Objective: To know the cardiovascular risk factors, obesity, hypertension arterial, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia of the Mexican women. Participants and methods: 164,656 female patients recruited in a growing epidemiological survey, aged 20-80, were studied. The sample was formed by 140,017 individuals, aged 44 ± 13 years and with a gender distribution of 42% men and 58% women, from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). The frequencies of obesity, hypertension, smoking, total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood, were estimated. Results: Obesity or overweight was found in 71.9% of the participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5% of them, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age, it was higher in men younger than 60 years old, but in more aged individuals was higher in women. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 40% of the persons, and cholesterolemia ≥240 mg/dL was significantly higher in women; 35.5% of men and 18.1% of women smoked. In 10.4% of participants was found diabetes mellitus type 2. There were significant Pearson's correlations between body mass index and blood pressure; hypertension and glucose levels, and hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusion: It is concluded that this population faces a high cardiovascular risk profile, and a great probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.

AB - Background: The fast epidemiological transition that occurred in Mexico for several decades has increased the importance of the chronicdegenerative diseases, particularly, those of cardiovascular origin. Factors as the systemic arterial hypertension, hypercolesterolemia, smoking, disglucemic condition and obesity are determinants of cardiovascular illness. Objective: To know the cardiovascular risk factors, obesity, hypertension arterial, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia of the Mexican women. Participants and methods: 164,656 female patients recruited in a growing epidemiological survey, aged 20-80, were studied. The sample was formed by 140,017 individuals, aged 44 ± 13 years and with a gender distribution of 42% men and 58% women, from six Mexican cities (Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Leon and Tijuana). The frequencies of obesity, hypertension, smoking, total cholesterol and glucose in capillary blood, were estimated. Results: Obesity or overweight was found in 71.9% of the participants. Hypertension was found in 26.5% of them, and the proportions of awareness, treatment and control for this disease were 49.3, 73 and 36%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age, it was higher in men younger than 60 years old, but in more aged individuals was higher in women. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 40% of the persons, and cholesterolemia ≥240 mg/dL was significantly higher in women; 35.5% of men and 18.1% of women smoked. In 10.4% of participants was found diabetes mellitus type 2. There were significant Pearson's correlations between body mass index and blood pressure; hypertension and glucose levels, and hypertension and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusion: It is concluded that this population faces a high cardiovascular risk profile, and a great probability of the occurrence of metabolic syndrome.

M3 - Article

SP - 484

EP - 492

JO - Medicina Interna de Mexico

JF - Medicina Interna de Mexico

SN - 0186-4866

ER -