Background: Patients suffering from hypothyroidism tend to develop diastolic hypertension. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is an amine that contributes to the maintenance of the blood pressure through central and peripheral 5-HT receptors. Curiously, the hypothyroidism alters the density of the 5-HT receptors in rodent brains. Aim of the study: Analyze the effect of the methimazole-induced hypothyroidism on the peripheral cardiovascular responses elicited by 5-HT. Methods: The vasopressor and tachycardic responses to 5-HT (3-300 μg/kg), and the vasodepressor responses to 5-HT, 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT, 0.001–0.1 μg/kg), isoprenaline (0.03–1 μg/kg) and acetylcholine (ACh, 0.03–3 μg/kg), during an infusion of methoxamine, were determined in pithed hypothyroid rats. Results: The tachycardic and vasopressor responses to 5-HT and the vasodepressor responses to 5-CT and ACh remained unaffected, the vasodepressor response to 5-HT reduced, and the vasodepressor response to isoprenaline enhanced and reduced at the lowest and highest dose, respectively. Conclusion: These results suggest that hypothyroidism impairs the vasodepressor response to 5-HT, which could contribute to hypothyroidism-induced hypertension.
- Vasodepressor response