A versatile, simple, liquid core waveguide (LCW)-based fluorescence detector design is described for capillary systems. A Teflon AF coated fused silica capillary serves as the LCW. The LCW is transversely excited. The light source can be a conventional or high power (HP) light emitting diode (LED) or a laser diode (LD). The source can be coupled to the LCW directly or via an optical fiber. Fiber coupling is convenient if a high power (necessarily heat sink mounted) emitter is used. The LCW is concentrically placed within a slightly larger opaque jacket tube and the LCW terminates just short of the jacket terminus, which is sealed with an optical window. The influent liquid thus exits the LCW tip, flows back around the LCW through the jacket annulus to exit via an aperture on the jacket tube. The problem of coupling the emitted light efficiently to the photodetector is thus solved by placing the tip of the annular tubular assembly directly on the detector. For excitation wavelengths of 365 nm (LED/HPLED) and 405 nm (LD), the tris(8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (sulfoxine)) chelate of aluminum (λem,max ∼ 500 nm) and Coumarin 30 were respectively used as the model analyte. For source-detector combinations comprising (a) a UV LED (∼1.5 mW @ 15 mA) and a photodiode, (b) a LD (∼5 mW, abstracted from a "Blu-Ray" recorder) and a miniature photomultiplier tube (mPMT), and (c) a high power (210 mW @ 500 mA) surface-mount HPLED-mPMT, the S/N = 3 LODs were, respectively, 1.7 pmol Al, 3-100 fmol Coumarin 30 (depending on laser intensity and integration time), and 4 fmol Al. In the last case, the relative standard derivation (R.S.D.) at the 20 fmol level was 1.5% (n = 10). © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Song, G., Villanueva-Fierro, I., Ohira, S. I., Mishra, S., Bailiff, H., Savage, C. R., & Dasgupta, P. K. (2008). Capillary scale liquid core waveguide based fluorescence detectors for liquid chromatography and flow analysis. Talanta, 901-908. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2008.07.047