Bringing Federated Semantic Queries to the GIS-Based Scenario

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Geospatial data is increasingly being made available on the Web as knowledge graphs using Linked Data principles. This entails adopting the best practices for publishing, retrieving, and using data, providing relevant initiatives that play a prominent role in the Web of Data. Despite the appropriate progress related to the amount of geospatial data available, knowledge graphs still face significant limitations in the GIScience community since their use, consumption, and exploitation are scarce, especially considering that just a few developments retrieve and consume geospatial knowledge graphs from within GIS. To overcome these limitations and address some critical challenges of GIScience, standards and specific best practices for publishing, retrieving, and using geospatial data on the Web have appeared. Nevertheless, there are few developments and experiences that support the possibility of expressing queries across diverse knowledge graphs to retrieve and process geospatial data from different and distributed sources. In this scenario, we present an approach to request, retrieve, and consume (geospatial) knowledge graphs available at diverse and distributed platforms, prototypically implemented on Apache Marmotta, supporting SPARQL 1.1 and GeoSPARQL standards. Moreover, our approach enables the consumption of geospatial knowledge graphs through a lightweight web application or QGIS. The potential of this work is shown with two examples that use GeoSPARQL-based knowledge graphs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Federated query
  • Geospatial data
  • Knowledge graph


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