Attenuation of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by chloroform extract of fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix

Rosa Martha Perez-Gutierrez, Jose Maria Mota Flores

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Abstract

The hypoglycemic effects of hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts from fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix were evaluated by oral administration to normoglucemic and streptozotocin-induced severe diabetic rats (SD). The anti-diabetic effect was examined by blood glucose, triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, total cholesterol levels in the serum, glycogen content of liver and skeletal muscles, superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) levels. The most active extracts were obtained with chloroform. Chloroform extracts from F. latispinus and F. histrix increased activities of SOD, GR, GSHPx and CAT, hepatic glycogen content, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and the plasma insulin levels. They also, decreased glucokinase (GK) and TBAR (thiobarbituric acid assay). Of the two plants studied F. latispinus showed better antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects that F. histrix. In conclusion F. latispinus and F. histrix possesses significant antihyperglycemic properties after 4 h after a single oral dose. It can also improve hyperlipidemia and hypoinsulinemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic. These results demonstrated that F. latispinus and F. histrix typically used as a health food, has strong antidiabetic effects in vivo, thus, it may have beneficial properties in the prevention of diabetes. © 2010 Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)475-484
Number of pages426
JournalBoletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Ferocactus
glycemic effect
fruit extracts
streptozotocin
hyperlipidemia
hyperglycemia
Streptozocin
Chloroform
Chlorine compounds
Fruits
Hyperlipidemias
Hypoglycemic Agents
chloroform
Hyperglycemia
hypoglycemic agents
Rats
Fruit
glutathione-disulfide reductase
Liver Glycogen
glycogen

Cite this

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title = "Attenuation of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by chloroform extract of fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix",
abstract = "The hypoglycemic effects of hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts from fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix were evaluated by oral administration to normoglucemic and streptozotocin-induced severe diabetic rats (SD). The anti-diabetic effect was examined by blood glucose, triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, total cholesterol levels in the serum, glycogen content of liver and skeletal muscles, superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) levels. The most active extracts were obtained with chloroform. Chloroform extracts from F. latispinus and F. histrix increased activities of SOD, GR, GSHPx and CAT, hepatic glycogen content, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and the plasma insulin levels. They also, decreased glucokinase (GK) and TBAR (thiobarbituric acid assay). Of the two plants studied F. latispinus showed better antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects that F. histrix. In conclusion F. latispinus and F. histrix possesses significant antihyperglycemic properties after 4 h after a single oral dose. It can also improve hyperlipidemia and hypoinsulinemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic. These results demonstrated that F. latispinus and F. histrix typically used as a health food, has strong antidiabetic effects in vivo, thus, it may have beneficial properties in the prevention of diabetes. {\circledC} 2010 Bolet{\'i}n Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Arom{\'a}ticas.",
author = "Perez-Gutierrez, {Rosa Martha} and {Maria Mota Flores}, Jose",
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T1 - Attenuation of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by chloroform extract of fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix

AU - Perez-Gutierrez, Rosa Martha

AU - Maria Mota Flores, Jose

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N2 - The hypoglycemic effects of hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts from fruits of Ferocactus latispinus and Ferocactus histrix were evaluated by oral administration to normoglucemic and streptozotocin-induced severe diabetic rats (SD). The anti-diabetic effect was examined by blood glucose, triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, total cholesterol levels in the serum, glycogen content of liver and skeletal muscles, superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) levels. The most active extracts were obtained with chloroform. Chloroform extracts from F. latispinus and F. histrix increased activities of SOD, GR, GSHPx and CAT, hepatic glycogen content, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and the plasma insulin levels. They also, decreased glucokinase (GK) and TBAR (thiobarbituric acid assay). Of the two plants studied F. latispinus showed better antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects that F. histrix. In conclusion F. latispinus and F. histrix possesses significant antihyperglycemic properties after 4 h after a single oral dose. It can also improve hyperlipidemia and hypoinsulinemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic. These results demonstrated that F. latispinus and F. histrix typically used as a health food, has strong antidiabetic effects in vivo, thus, it may have beneficial properties in the prevention of diabetes. © 2010 Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas.

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