Assessment of gas tungsten arc welding thermal cycles on Inconel 718 alloy

Maribel Hernández, R. R. AMBRIZ, R. CORTÉS, C. M. GÓMORA, G. PLASCENCIA, D. JARAMILLO, David Jaramillo Vigueras

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Scopus citations


    Heat moving source models along with transient heat analysis by finite element method were used to determine weld thermal cycles and isothermal sections obtained from the application of a gas tungsten arc welding beads on Inconel 718 plates. Analytical (Rosenthal's thick plate model) and finite element results show an acceptable approximation with the experimental weld thermal cycles. The isothermal sections determined by numerical simulation show a better approximation with the experimental welding profile for double-ellipse model heat distribution than Gauss model. To analyze the microstructural transformation produced by different cooling rates in the fusion and heat affected zones, Vickers microhardness measurements (profile and mapping representation) were conducted. A hardness decrement for the heat affected zone (∼200 HV 0.2 ) and fusion zone (∼240 HV 0.2 ) in comparison with base material (∼350 HV 0.2 ) was observed. This behavior has been attributed to the heterogeneous solubilization process of the γ″ phase (nickel matrix), which, according to the continuous-cooling−transformation curve, produced the Laves phase, δ and MC transition phases, generating a loss in hardness close to the fusion zone.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)579-587
    Number of pages9
    JournalTransactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition)
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019



    • finite element method
    • gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW)
    • heat moving source
    • Inconel 718
    • weld thermal cycle

    Cite this