The anti-inflammatory effects of Aloe vera (AV), polysaccharide extract from AV, and extracts from the digestion and colonic fermentation of AV were evaluated using an immortal astrocyte cell line (U373 MG) that develops a neuro-inflammatory profile. Cell viability and inflammatory markers were assessed after stimulation with neuropeptide substance P (SP) that activates the pro-inflammatory MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) pathway. Cell viability after SP treatment was over 50% at 10 mg/mL AV, polysaccharide extract from AV, extracts from the digestion: non-digestible fraction of AV non-digestible fraction of polysaccharide extract from AV and extracts from the colonic fermentation of AV, at 4 and 24 h. Moreover, cells exposed to SP and treated with these extracts showed lower protein-activated ERK1/ERK2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2), p38 (MAPK protein p38), and NFκB (nuclear factor κB) levels with respect to the SP-stimulated control. Inflammation inhibition by extracts of polysaccharide extract from AV and extracts from the colonic fermentation of AV, at 24 h in the study of p38 was not as statistically significant in ERK1/ERK2 and NFκB. Nevertheless, there was a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 levels in cells exposed to all samples. Samples with extracts from the colonic fermentation of AV, at 4 or 24 h showed the highest inhibitory effect on IL-6 production.
- Aloe emodin
- Cell culture
- Interleukin IL-6
- MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase)