Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species

María De Cortes Sánchez, Pilar Altares, Mercedes M. Pedrosa, Carmen Burbano, Carmen Cuadrado, Carmen Goyoaga, Mercedes Muzquiz, Cristian Jiménez-Martínez, Gloria Dávila-Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quinolizidine alkaloids, occurring in lupins, are the largest single group of legume alkaloids with clear ecological functions in the defence of the plant. During germination, some degree of transformation of alkaloids to other more bioactive compounds, such as esters, occurs. The aim of this work was to investigate the transformations of alkaloids during germination, in Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. campestris. Total quinolizidine alkaloid contents in raw seeds were 1.51 g/100 g (L. angustifolius), 2.36 g/100 g (L. albus) and 2.45 g/100 g (L. campestris). During germination in L. albus, lupanine increased and albine and 13-hydroxylupanine decreased substantially. In L. angustifolius, 13-hydroxylupanine also decreased. In L. campestris, hydroxyaphylline and hydroxyaphyllidine increased while epihydroxyaphylline and dehydroepihydroxyaphylline decreased. The ester 13-tigloyloxylupanine increased progressively during the germination of L. angustifolius (from 0 to 0.044 g/100 g) and L. albus (from 0.001 to 0.022 g/100 g). Germination of lupin seeds for 3 days, maximum, could be desirable in order to minimize the presence of alkaloids, as well as to avoid the formation of the quinolizidine alkaloid esters. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages311
JournalFood Chemistry
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

germination
Alkaloids
Lupinus
alkaloids
Germination
Lupinus albus
quinolizidine alkaloids
Quinolizidines
Lupinus angustifolius
esters
Esters
Seed
seeds
Seeds
ecological function
legumes
activity (biology)
Fabaceae

Cite this

De Cortes Sánchez, M., Altares, P., Pedrosa, M. M., Burbano, C., Cuadrado, C., Goyoaga, C., ... Dávila-Ortiz, G. (2005). Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species. Food Chemistry, 347-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.04.008
De Cortes Sánchez, María ; Altares, Pilar ; Pedrosa, Mercedes M. ; Burbano, Carmen ; Cuadrado, Carmen ; Goyoaga, Carmen ; Muzquiz, Mercedes ; Jiménez-Martínez, Cristian ; Dávila-Ortiz, Gloria. / Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species. In: Food Chemistry. 2005 ; pp. 347-355.
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abstract = "Quinolizidine alkaloids, occurring in lupins, are the largest single group of legume alkaloids with clear ecological functions in the defence of the plant. During germination, some degree of transformation of alkaloids to other more bioactive compounds, such as esters, occurs. The aim of this work was to investigate the transformations of alkaloids during germination, in Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. campestris. Total quinolizidine alkaloid contents in raw seeds were 1.51 g/100 g (L. angustifolius), 2.36 g/100 g (L. albus) and 2.45 g/100 g (L. campestris). During germination in L. albus, lupanine increased and albine and 13-hydroxylupanine decreased substantially. In L. angustifolius, 13-hydroxylupanine also decreased. In L. campestris, hydroxyaphylline and hydroxyaphyllidine increased while epihydroxyaphylline and dehydroepihydroxyaphylline decreased. The ester 13-tigloyloxylupanine increased progressively during the germination of L. angustifolius (from 0 to 0.044 g/100 g) and L. albus (from 0.001 to 0.022 g/100 g). Germination of lupin seeds for 3 days, maximum, could be desirable in order to minimize the presence of alkaloids, as well as to avoid the formation of the quinolizidine alkaloid esters. {\circledC} 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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De Cortes Sánchez, M, Altares, P, Pedrosa, MM, Burbano, C, Cuadrado, C, Goyoaga, C, Muzquiz, M, Jiménez-Martínez, C & Dávila-Ortiz, G 2005, 'Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species', Food Chemistry, pp. 347-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.04.008

Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species. / De Cortes Sánchez, María; Altares, Pilar; Pedrosa, Mercedes M.; Burbano, Carmen; Cuadrado, Carmen; Goyoaga, Carmen; Muzquiz, Mercedes; Jiménez-Martínez, Cristian; Dávila-Ortiz, Gloria.

In: Food Chemistry, 01.05.2005, p. 347-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species

AU - De Cortes Sánchez, María

AU - Altares, Pilar

AU - Pedrosa, Mercedes M.

AU - Burbano, Carmen

AU - Cuadrado, Carmen

AU - Goyoaga, Carmen

AU - Muzquiz, Mercedes

AU - Jiménez-Martínez, Cristian

AU - Dávila-Ortiz, Gloria

PY - 2005/5/1

Y1 - 2005/5/1

N2 - Quinolizidine alkaloids, occurring in lupins, are the largest single group of legume alkaloids with clear ecological functions in the defence of the plant. During germination, some degree of transformation of alkaloids to other more bioactive compounds, such as esters, occurs. The aim of this work was to investigate the transformations of alkaloids during germination, in Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. campestris. Total quinolizidine alkaloid contents in raw seeds were 1.51 g/100 g (L. angustifolius), 2.36 g/100 g (L. albus) and 2.45 g/100 g (L. campestris). During germination in L. albus, lupanine increased and albine and 13-hydroxylupanine decreased substantially. In L. angustifolius, 13-hydroxylupanine also decreased. In L. campestris, hydroxyaphylline and hydroxyaphyllidine increased while epihydroxyaphylline and dehydroepihydroxyaphylline decreased. The ester 13-tigloyloxylupanine increased progressively during the germination of L. angustifolius (from 0 to 0.044 g/100 g) and L. albus (from 0.001 to 0.022 g/100 g). Germination of lupin seeds for 3 days, maximum, could be desirable in order to minimize the presence of alkaloids, as well as to avoid the formation of the quinolizidine alkaloid esters. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Quinolizidine alkaloids, occurring in lupins, are the largest single group of legume alkaloids with clear ecological functions in the defence of the plant. During germination, some degree of transformation of alkaloids to other more bioactive compounds, such as esters, occurs. The aim of this work was to investigate the transformations of alkaloids during germination, in Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. campestris. Total quinolizidine alkaloid contents in raw seeds were 1.51 g/100 g (L. angustifolius), 2.36 g/100 g (L. albus) and 2.45 g/100 g (L. campestris). During germination in L. albus, lupanine increased and albine and 13-hydroxylupanine decreased substantially. In L. angustifolius, 13-hydroxylupanine also decreased. In L. campestris, hydroxyaphylline and hydroxyaphyllidine increased while epihydroxyaphylline and dehydroepihydroxyaphylline decreased. The ester 13-tigloyloxylupanine increased progressively during the germination of L. angustifolius (from 0 to 0.044 g/100 g) and L. albus (from 0.001 to 0.022 g/100 g). Germination of lupin seeds for 3 days, maximum, could be desirable in order to minimize the presence of alkaloids, as well as to avoid the formation of the quinolizidine alkaloid esters. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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De Cortes Sánchez M, Altares P, Pedrosa MM, Burbano C, Cuadrado C, Goyoaga C et al. Alkaloid variation during germination in different lupin species. Food Chemistry. 2005 May 1;347-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.04.008