© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme of starch synthesis in seeds, tubers and fruits. UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGPase) is an important enzyme of sucrose metabolism in the cytosol while alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a marker enzyme of the amyloplast that keeps the production of ADPG by removing PPi. Unripe banana accumulates starch in the pulp during development, while ripe fruits are characterized by the accumulation of soluble sugars. The aim of the study was to compare starch granule structure, carbohydrate levels, subcellular location and activities of three enzymes: AGPase, UGPase and ALP. Protein extracts from the cytosolic and amyloplastidial fractions were obtained from the pulp of banana fruit at three developmental stages (11, 16 and 21 weeks after flowering) and analyzed by electrophoresis and immunodetection. Protein profiles were similar during ripening, showing a main electrophoretic band at 50–55 kDa. Higher protein content was found in the cytosolic than in the amyloplastidial fraction. Starch granules and ALP activity were enriched in the amyloplast, whereas AGPase showed a subcellular distribution similar to UGPase. Immunoblot analysis also confirmed the presence of AGPase in both cytosol and amyloplast. AGPase activity was higher in the cytosol than in the amyloplast. Both AGPase activity and western blot band intensity were highest at 16 weeks. UGPase activity was highest at 21 weeks. We conclude that cytosolic production of ADP-glucose is not an exclusive feature of cereal endosperms due to plant breeding, but it also occurs in fruits of non-domesticated plants such as tropical banana (Musa acuminata). This work increases our understanding about pyrophosphorylase activities in the pulp of banana fruit.
Solis-Badillo, E., Agama-Acevedo, E., Tiessen, A., Lopez Valenzuela, J. A., & Bello-Perez, L. A. (2020). ADP-Glucose Pyrophosphorylase Is Located in the Plastid and Cytosol in the Pulp of Tropical Banana Fruit (Musa acuminata). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-019-00788-w