Acidic properties of Si- and Al- promoted TiO<inf>2</inf> catalysts: Effect on 2-propanol dehydration activity

Gustavo Pérez-López, Román Ramírez-López, Tomás Viveros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2017 The effect of Si and Al promoted in TiO2 catalysts on both acid-base properties and 2-propanol dehydration was studied. The sol-gel method was used to prepare pure TiO2 and TiO2-Al2O3 and TiO2-SiO2 mixed oxides with 1%, 3% and 10% of Al2O3 or SiO2. The structure and surface characterization (XRD, TG-DTA, N2 sorption, 27Al and 19Si MAS NMR) revealed that the promoted cations were dispersed in the TiO2 lattice. The acid and basic sites density was measured by NH3-TPD and CO2-TPD. FTIR-pyridine-TPD revealed predominantly Lewis-type acidity for all these catalysts and a low presence Brønsted-type acidity was detect only for 10% SiO2 promoted catalyst. The change in the activity of 2-propanol decomposition was useful to detect the effect of type and content of cation in the acid-base properties of promoted catalysts. The acid-base molar ratio of the catalytic surface was increased as a function of content of Al and Si and it was related to the increase in the alcohols decomposition activity. Dehydration activity was more sensitive for the Si-promoted catalysts than the Al-promoted ones, showing an important role of cation coordination in the acidic and catalytic properties of these mixed oxides.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)182-191
Number of pages162
JournalCatalysis Today
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

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