A transfer learning method for pneumonia classification and visualization

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© 2020 by the authors. Pneumonia is an infectious disease that affects the lungs and is one of the principal causes of death in children under five years old. The Chest X-ray images technique is one of the most used for diagnosing pneumonia. Several Machine Learning algorithms have been successfully used in order to provide computer-aided diagnosis by automatic classification of medical images. For its remarkable results, the Convolutional Neural Networks (models based on Deep Learning) that are widely used in Computer Vision tasks, such as classification of injuries and brain abnormalities, among others, stand out. In this paper, we present a transfer learning method that automatically classifies between 3883 chest X-ray images characterized as depicting pneumonia and 1349 labeled as normal. The proposed method uses the Xception Network pre-trained weights on ImageNet as an initialization. Our model is competitive with respect to state-of-the-art proposals. To make comparisons with other models, we have used four well-known performance measures, obtaining the following results: precision (0.84), recall (0.99), F1-score (0.91) and area under the ROC curve (0.97). These positive results allow us to consider our proposal as an alternative that can be useful in countries with a lack of equipment and specialized radiologists.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


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