A facile route to synthesize a Tint-RuO2 electrocatalyst for electro-generated active chlorine production

D. Elizarragaz, J. E. Carrera-Crespo, J. Vazquez-Arenas, I. Romero-Ibarra, E. J. Ruiz-Ruiz, I. Chairez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to fabricate a novel TiNT-RuO2 electrocatalyst to produce active chlorine with the capacity to oxidize recalcitrant organic matter. Titanium oxide nanotubes (TiNTs) were first grown via Ti foil anodization in potentiostatic mode in an ethylene glycol solution containing H2O and NH4F and then annealed at 450°C in air. RuO2 nanoparticles were deposited on the TiNTs using a hybrid strategy that included pulsed electrodeposition of the Ru nanoparticles, followed by thermal treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD) only revealed peaks related to metallic Ti and anatase (TiO2) for the TiNTs, whereas additional peaks associated with the tetragonal RuO2 structure were shown for TiNT-RuO2. Scanning electron microscopy showed a well-organized structure for the TiNTs with an average inner diameter of approximately 185 nm for the NTs, while RuO2 nanoparticles (size <10 nm) were homogenously deposited on the walls and around the openings of the TiNTs. TiNT-RuO2 preferred the active chlorine formation over oxygen evolution owing to the presence of the RuO2 nanoparticles. Rapid degradation testing revealed complete elimination of picloram (PCL) in 2 h when 10 mA cm−2 was imposed on the TiNT-RuO2, whereas 48% of the 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was removed under the same conditions using the electro-generated active chlorine on the TiNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H783-H790
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume166
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Electrocatalysts
Titanium oxides
Chlorine
Nanotubes
Nanoparticles
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
Picloram
titanium dioxide
Ethylene Glycol
Ethylene glycol
Electrodeposition
Biological materials
Titanium dioxide
Metal foil
Heat treatment
X ray diffraction
Degradation
Oxygen
Scanning electron microscopy
Acids

Cite this

Elizarragaz, D. ; Carrera-Crespo, J. E. ; Vazquez-Arenas, J. ; Romero-Ibarra, I. ; Ruiz-Ruiz, E. J. ; Chairez, I. / A facile route to synthesize a Tint-RuO2 electrocatalyst for electro-generated active chlorine production. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 166, No. 15. pp. H783-H790.
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abstract = "This study aimed to fabricate a novel TiNT-RuO2 electrocatalyst to produce active chlorine with the capacity to oxidize recalcitrant organic matter. Titanium oxide nanotubes (TiNTs) were first grown via Ti foil anodization in potentiostatic mode in an ethylene glycol solution containing H2O and NH4F and then annealed at 450°C in air. RuO2 nanoparticles were deposited on the TiNTs using a hybrid strategy that included pulsed electrodeposition of the Ru nanoparticles, followed by thermal treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD) only revealed peaks related to metallic Ti and anatase (TiO2) for the TiNTs, whereas additional peaks associated with the tetragonal RuO2 structure were shown for TiNT-RuO2. Scanning electron microscopy showed a well-organized structure for the TiNTs with an average inner diameter of approximately 185 nm for the NTs, while RuO2 nanoparticles (size <10 nm) were homogenously deposited on the walls and around the openings of the TiNTs. TiNT-RuO2 preferred the active chlorine formation over oxygen evolution owing to the presence of the RuO2 nanoparticles. Rapid degradation testing revealed complete elimination of picloram (PCL) in 2 h when 10 mA cm−2 was imposed on the TiNT-RuO2, whereas 48{\%} of the 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was removed under the same conditions using the electro-generated active chlorine on the TiNTs.",
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A facile route to synthesize a Tint-RuO2 electrocatalyst for electro-generated active chlorine production. / Elizarragaz, D.; Carrera-Crespo, J. E.; Vazquez-Arenas, J.; Romero-Ibarra, I.; Ruiz-Ruiz, E. J.; Chairez, I.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, No. 15, 01.01.2019, p. H783-H790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A facile route to synthesize a Tint-RuO2 electrocatalyst for electro-generated active chlorine production

AU - Elizarragaz, D.

AU - Carrera-Crespo, J. E.

AU - Vazquez-Arenas, J.

AU - Romero-Ibarra, I.

AU - Ruiz-Ruiz, E. J.

AU - Chairez, I.

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AB - This study aimed to fabricate a novel TiNT-RuO2 electrocatalyst to produce active chlorine with the capacity to oxidize recalcitrant organic matter. Titanium oxide nanotubes (TiNTs) were first grown via Ti foil anodization in potentiostatic mode in an ethylene glycol solution containing H2O and NH4F and then annealed at 450°C in air. RuO2 nanoparticles were deposited on the TiNTs using a hybrid strategy that included pulsed electrodeposition of the Ru nanoparticles, followed by thermal treatment. X-ray diffraction (XRD) only revealed peaks related to metallic Ti and anatase (TiO2) for the TiNTs, whereas additional peaks associated with the tetragonal RuO2 structure were shown for TiNT-RuO2. Scanning electron microscopy showed a well-organized structure for the TiNTs with an average inner diameter of approximately 185 nm for the NTs, while RuO2 nanoparticles (size <10 nm) were homogenously deposited on the walls and around the openings of the TiNTs. TiNT-RuO2 preferred the active chlorine formation over oxygen evolution owing to the presence of the RuO2 nanoparticles. Rapid degradation testing revealed complete elimination of picloram (PCL) in 2 h when 10 mA cm−2 was imposed on the TiNT-RuO2, whereas 48% of the 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was removed under the same conditions using the electro-generated active chlorine on the TiNTs.

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