A DPIV study of liquid steel flow in a wide thin slab caster using four ports submerged entry nozzles

R. D. Morales, J. Palafox-Ramos, L. Garcia-Demedices, R. Sanchez-Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Influence of SEN design and its depth below the meniscus on liquid steel flow inside a large width thin slab mold was studied using a 1:1 scale water model. Fluid flow characterization was performed through Digital Particle Image Velocimetry techniques, measurements of bath oscillations and tracer dispersion experiments. Two designs of SEN with four ports (two lateral ports with two bottom ports) were investigated. SEN-1 has a wider bottom base and SEN-2 has a narrow one. Both SEN's provide fluid flows in the mold with upper and lower recirculating flows. Jets emerging from the lateral and bottom ports do not overlap although the surface area of the lateral jet of SEN-1 works inefficiently as compared with that of SEN-2. SEN-1 promotes higher bath oscillations than SEN-2 because the lateral jets travel almost horizontally toward the narrow face. This enhances fluid velocities along the narrow wall until the bath surface. A recirculating flow is formed close to the SEN-1 in the upper bath surface that provokes also high bath oscillations. Design of SEN-2 avoids these flow defects yielding more stable fluid flows. Rising the SEN depths alters negatively the flow characteristics, although SEN-2 is better than SEN-1. Generally speaking both designs yield complex turbulent and unsteady flows and a better SEN design is suggested.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1384-1392
Number of pages9
JournalISIJ International
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Steel
Nozzles
Liquids
Flow of fluids
Unsteady flow
Velocity measurement
Turbulent flow
Defects
Fluids
Water
Experiments

Cite this

Morales, R. D. ; Palafox-Ramos, J. ; Garcia-Demedices, L. ; Sanchez-Perez, R. / A DPIV study of liquid steel flow in a wide thin slab caster using four ports submerged entry nozzles. In: ISIJ International. 2004 ; pp. 1384-1392.
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abstract = "Influence of SEN design and its depth below the meniscus on liquid steel flow inside a large width thin slab mold was studied using a 1:1 scale water model. Fluid flow characterization was performed through Digital Particle Image Velocimetry techniques, measurements of bath oscillations and tracer dispersion experiments. Two designs of SEN with four ports (two lateral ports with two bottom ports) were investigated. SEN-1 has a wider bottom base and SEN-2 has a narrow one. Both SEN's provide fluid flows in the mold with upper and lower recirculating flows. Jets emerging from the lateral and bottom ports do not overlap although the surface area of the lateral jet of SEN-1 works inefficiently as compared with that of SEN-2. SEN-1 promotes higher bath oscillations than SEN-2 because the lateral jets travel almost horizontally toward the narrow face. This enhances fluid velocities along the narrow wall until the bath surface. A recirculating flow is formed close to the SEN-1 in the upper bath surface that provokes also high bath oscillations. Design of SEN-2 avoids these flow defects yielding more stable fluid flows. Rising the SEN depths alters negatively the flow characteristics, although SEN-2 is better than SEN-1. Generally speaking both designs yield complex turbulent and unsteady flows and a better SEN design is suggested.",
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A DPIV study of liquid steel flow in a wide thin slab caster using four ports submerged entry nozzles. / Morales, R. D.; Palafox-Ramos, J.; Garcia-Demedices, L.; Sanchez-Perez, R.

In: ISIJ International, 01.01.2004, p. 1384-1392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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